1.  Species Are Structures
  Handout sketching view that taxa are structures, that a
  taxonomic tree is a set of taxa partially ordered by the
  superset relation, and that a species is a minimal element
of a taxonomic tree
  2.  The Nonindividuation Argument Against Zygotic Personhood
  3.  Developmental Potential, Embryo Use, and Ectogenesis
  (re comparisons of bounded developmental potential as
  evoked by cover image of The Morality of Embryo Use)



    Image by Jos Leys from Mathematica® code by author

    Probability density functions associated with continuous probability distributions as projections of total developmental potential For a population of conceptuses nurtured in enabling circumstances of a given kind, we may recognize as an outcome of a random trial the most advanced instantaneous developmental stage attained by each conceptus.  Where Ω is the set of most advanced stages nomologically possible of attainment in situations of the given kind, E is a σ-algebra over Ω, and P is a probability measure on E, we may define a random variable X: Ω R assigning to each attainable stage a real number representing the time by which the stage is indexed.  X  induces a P-determined probability distribution with which is associated a probability density function (‘PDF’).  Shown here are PDFs associated with absolutely continuous probability distributions for seven kinds of situation.  The x-axis displays stage indices from 0 to 315 days. ƒQ is a PDF for the tissue culture dish. ƒW, a PDF for the womb, manifests a distribution modeled by a convex combination of Weibull and normal distributions.  Shown in blue are plots of PDFs for imagined artificial uteruses.  Viewing capacity acquisitions mapped to stages as actualizations of potential, each probability distribution may be understood as a projection of total developmental potential, the set of developmental potentials possesed by a member of the population of conceptuses in enabling circumstances of the given kind. The least upper bound of a PDF's support (the closure of the set of points at which the value of the function is nonzero), whose preimage under X is the least upper bound of probable stages, reveals the least upper bound of total developmental potential.


  4.  Moral Arguments Concerning Embryonic Stem Cell Research
  5.  Purported Alternative Sources of Pluripotent Stem Cells
  6.  Testimony Before Subcommittee on Health, Committee on
  Energy and Commerce, U. S. House of Representatives
  7.  Legislation, hESC Research, and Moral Permissibility
  8.  Mechanics for Implementing New Federal Policy on
  Embryonic Stem Cell Research
  8.'  Recommendations on 2010 Legislation
  9.  Comments on Presidential Announcement
10.  Comments on Draft National Institutes of Health Guidelines
  for Human Stem Cell Research
11.  Memorandum for Drafters of Financial Reform Legislation
  Concerning Conflict of Interest